Design to Cost


The research activities concerning the theme of “Design to Cost” concern the development of analytical cost models for manufacturing cost estimation of products, as well as the definition of rules for good design (cost-oriented). Methods for the formalization of the knowledge necessary for the definition of processing cycles are also developed.

Below are some examples of rules concerning cost models for cost estimation.
Rules for defining a sheet metal stamping process.

Holistic Should-Cost approach implemented within an industrial reality.

Software platform to support asset configuration for Total Cost of Ownership.


The activities are carried out in the Virtual Prototyping laboratory

  1. Cicconi, P., Germani, M., & Mandolini, M. (2009). Knowledge-based tool for cost estimation in agile product design. In M. Wiedemann & F.-F. Lacour (Eds.), 3rd Internation Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production (CARV 2009) (Vol. 1, pp. 510–521). Munich.
  2. Cicconi, P., Germani, M., & Mandolini, M. (2010). How to Support Mechanical Product Cost Estimation in the Embodiment Design Phase. In P. Jerzy, F. Shuichi, & J. Salwìnski (Eds.), New world situation: new directions in concurrent engineering (Vol. 1, pp. 465–477). Cracow.
  3. Germani, M., Mandolini, M., & Cicconi, P. (2011). MANUFACTURING COST ESTIMATION DURING EARLY PHASES OF MACHINE DESIGN. In J. Culley, S.J.; Hicks, B.J.; McAloone, T.C.; Howard, T.J. & Malmquist (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design ICED11 (Vol. 5, pp. 198–209). Copenhagen Denmark: The Design Society.
  4. Raffaeli, R., Mandolini, M., & Germani, M. (2013). Identification of Weld Beads in Assemblies of B-Rep Models. Computer-Aided Design and Applications, 11(3), 263–274.
  5. Favi, C., Germani, M., & Mandolini, M. (2017). Analytical cost estimation model in High Pressure Die Casting. In Procedia Manufacturing (Vol. 11, pp. 526–535). The Author(s).
  6. Mandolini, M., Marilungo, E., & Germani, M. (2017). A TCO model for supporting the configuration of industrial plants. In Procedia Manufacturing (Vol. 11, pp. 1940–1949). The Author(s).
  7. Mandolini, M., Favi, C., Germani, M., Marconi, M., & Raffaeli, R. (2019). An Analytical Cost Estimation Approach for Generic Sheet Metal 3D Models. Computer-Aided Design and Applications, 16(5), 936–950.
Scientific Manager
Working group